HUGH OF LINCOLN°

HUGH OF LINCOLN° (c. 1246–1255), alleged victim of ritual murder. His body was found in a well in the Jewish quarter of lincoln by his mother, about Passover time 1255, near the house of a Jew named Copin. Under torture, Copin stated that he had killed the child for the fulfillment of the Jewish paschal rites. Henry III went to Lincoln to take charge of the proceedings. Copin was barbarously executed and some 90 Jews, including R. benedict of Lincoln (Berechiah of Nicole), were tried in London. Eighteen of them were put to death and the others pardoned through the influence of the king's brother, Richard of Cornwall. The child Hugh came to be regarded as a saint, and it was said that miracles were performed by his corpse which was buried under a magnificent tomb in the cathedral. His birthday (August 27) was celebrated, though with diminishing importance, until the Reformation; the story is reverently mentioned by chaucer in The Prioress's Tale, and the alleged martyrdom was commemorated in many English and French ballads. The beatification was informal, however, and was not recognized officially by the Roman Catholic Church. For centuries a shrine to Hugh of Lincoln existed at Lincoln Cathedral. In 1955 this was replaced by a plaque declaring the story of his ritual murder to be "fiction." Little St. Hugh is to be distinguished from ST. HUGH OF LINCOLN, i.e., Hugh of Avalon, bishop of Lincoln 1186–1200, who was officially canonized in 1220. His treatment of the Jews was kindly, and Jews are stated, together with the rest of the population, to have mourned his death. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jacobs, in: JHSET, 1 (1893–94), 89–135; idem, Jewish Ideals and Other Essays (1896); J.W.F. Hill, Medieval Lincoln (1948), 224–32; A. Hume, Sir Hugh of Lincoln (1849); F. Michel, Hugues de Lincoln (1834); Roth, England3, 56–57. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: ODNB online. (Cecil Roth)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Hugh von Lincoln — ist der Name folgender Personen: Hugo von Lincoln (1140 1200), Bischof von Lincoln Hugh von Lincoln (Ritualmordlegende) († 1255), angeblich Opfer eines Ritualmords Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit de …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hugh of Lincoln — Infobox bishopbiog name =Hugh of Avalon religion =Catholic See =Diocese of Lincoln Title = Bishop of Lincoln Period = 1186 ndash;1200 Predecessor = Walter de Coutances Successor =William de Blois ordination = bishops = post = Prior of Witham… …   Wikipedia

  • Hugh of Lincoln —    1) (Little St Hugh)     (d. 1255)    Martyr.    As a child of nine, Hugh was murdered in the town of Lincoln and his body was thrust into a well. His murderer was unknown, but it was rumoured that a wealthy Jew named Koppin had conspired with… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Hugh of Lincoln — (1247–55)    Al leged blood libel victim. In 1255 the dead body of Hugh, an eight year old child, was found in a cesspool in the Jewish quarter of Lincoln, near the house of a Jew named Copin. The latter was promptly arrested, and under torture… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Hugh of Lincoln, Saint — • Biography of this Augustinian and later a Carthusian, d. 1200, canonized 1220 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hugh of Lincoln, Saint — ▪ French bishop born c. 1140, Avalon, France died Nov. 16, 1200, London, Eng.; canonized 1220; Anglican feast day November 16       French born bishop of Lincoln, Eng., who became the first Carthusian monk to be canonized.       On his mother s… …   Universalium

  • Hugh of Lincoln, Little Saint — ▪ English martyr born 1245, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, Eng. died Aug. 27, 1255, Lincoln; feast day August 27 [suppressed]       legendary English child martyr who was supposedly murdered by members of the local Jewish community for ritual purposes.… …   Universalium

  • Little Saint Hugh of Lincoln — This article is about the boy known as Little Saint Hugh of Lincoln, who was the subject of a Medieval blood libel in 1255. For information about the adult saint, see Hugh of Lincoln . Hugh of Lincoln (1247 August, 1255) was an English boy, whose …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Hugh of Lincoln —     St. Hugh of Lincoln     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Hugh of Lincoln     Born about the year 1135 at the castle of Avalon, near Pontcharra, in Burgundy; died at London, 16 Nov., 1200. His father, William, Lord of Avalon, was sprung from one… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lincoln (England) —     Lincoln     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Lincoln     ANCIENT DIOCESE OF LINCOLN (LINCOLNIENSIS).     This see was founded by St. Theodore, Archbishop of Canterbury, in 678, when he removed the Lindiswaras of Lincolnshire from the Diocese of… …   Catholic encyclopedia

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